Rhythm and Emphasis – Zentangle 3D Paper Sculpture

Zentangle Paper Sculpture Principles of Art Rhythm & Emphasis– Zentangle Paper Sculpture

Lesson Created by Michelle C. East © 2017

Objectives: Students will use repeated multi-patterns with lines and shapes to create rhythm & visual movement. Use color contrast to create an emphasis area (focal point). Students will cut and manipulate the paper so that it has 3D form.

Art Vocabulary:

  • Elements: Line, Shape, Color
  • Principles: Emphasis, Rhythm, Movement, and Variety
  • Art History: Zentangles (a contemporary art movement)


  1. Review the Elements of Art: Line, Shape, and Color
    1. Types of Line: Horizontal, Vertical, Diagonal, Zig-Zag and Curved
    2. Types of Shapes: Geometric and Free-form or Organic
    3. Lines and shapes can be used to create pattern.
    4. Color in contrast to black and white can be used to emphasize an area in a piece of art.
  2. Learn these Principles of Design: Emphasis, Movement, Rhythm, Variety, and Unity

    1. Emphasis: makes one part of a work dominant over the other parts
    2. Movement: creates the look or feeling of action and guides the viewers eye
    3. Rhythm: a visual movement created by the repetition of the elements of art –pulls the eye along a path
    4. Variety: concerned with differences or contrast of elements in an artwork
    5. Unity: the feeling of wholeness or oneness that is achieved through the effective use of the elements and principles of art.
  3. Multi-Patterns: create new patterns based on combining several types of patterns.
  4. Zentangles Zentangle is an art form that requires a pencil, pen, and paper and a relaxed focus on creating basic repeating patterns (  Zentangles are beautiful pieces of art that focus on pattern and design.

Activity #1: Pattern Worksheet

Pattern Worksheets

Project: Zentangle Pattern 3D Paper Sculpture

Medium: Sculpture

Genre: Non-Objective

Project Objectives: Students will use repeated multi-patterns with lines and shapes to create rhythm & visual movement. Use color contrast to create an emphasis area (focal point). Cut and sculpt the paper so that it has 3-dimensional form. Use one of your patterns to color the background

Supplies: 12×18” white tag board (90lb), Black & Colored Sharpies– fine & ultra-fine, Crayola Markers could be substituted for colored Sharpies, 12×18” colored construction paper, glue

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  1. Get 1 sheet of 12×18” white Tagboard paper.
  2. Use a circle, square, oval or rectangle shape template to draw your emphasis area. DO NOT put it in the middle of the paper…boring! Use a Sharpie!
  3. NOT OVER DOING IT-draw an overlapping, loopy, wiggly & straight line that ends back to where it started. This is called a continuous line.
  4. In your emphasis area, use colored sharpies to draw patterns. Create new patterns in each new shape. In all other areas, use only black sharpies to draw different patterns. Create new patterns in each new shape.
  5. Cut out extra white areas from around the design-be careful that the design stays in one piece.
  6. Choose a few areas on the design to cut along the lines (this will help it form 3D).
  7. Choose a 12×18” Colored sheet of paper. Form your paper so that it raises from the paper base in interesting ways, only glue down a few specific spots that will give your sculpture the 3D look that you want.
  8. Draw an outline with an extra thick sharpie around the sculpture leaving a slight border around it, then add more pattern on to the background.

Zentangle Papaer Sculpture

8th Grade Art Student Work

This post is © Michelle C. East – Create Art with ME. If you choose to reference any part of this post, please link back to my blog Create Art with ME.

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