Van Gogh Sunflowers
Marker Bleeding Art Lesson
Lines and Shapes-Observational Drawing Skills
Grades: 4th & 5th Grade (Upper Elementary Art)
Supplies: “Video-Getting to know the world’s greatest artists-Vincent Van Gogh”, 12×18 white paper, Classic Crayola Markers, thick black permanent marker, water cups, paint brushes, oil pastels & liquid watercolors (optional)
- Students will review types of lines and shapes and identify lines and shapes by name.
- They will learn to look at an object in terms of lines and shapes in order to draw it-drawing observation skills.
- They will also learn about the artist Vincent Van Gogh & study his “sunflower” painting.
- Students will learn the technique of marker bleeding to “paint” their artwork.
Delivery Day 1: Learning about Van Gogh
1. Video-“World’s greatest artists-Vincent Van Gogh” (23 minutes)
Facts About Vincent Van Gogh
- Van Gogh was a Dutch post-impressionist painter in the mid to late 1800’s France.
- Vincent Van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853, in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands. Van Gogh died in France on July 29, 1890, at age 37, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. He mentally “lost it”, cutting off his own earlobe, dying in 1890, two days after shooting himself in the chest with a pistol.
- Van Gogh did not begin painting until he was 27 years old. He had tried several careers like being a minister, teacher and art dealer, but he did not find success in these careers. He was only a painter for 10 years before he died.
- Van Gogh’s art helped him stay emotionally balanced.
- In Paris, van Gogh first saw impressionist art, and he was inspired by the color and light.
- Although he painted 870 paintings and drew 1050 drawings, Van Gogh only succeeded in selling one painting in his lifetime “The Red Vineyard”. Since his death, his paintings have been sold for many millions of dollars, including Portrait of Dr. Gachet, which went for $82.5m. in 1990.
- Van Gogh used thick brush strokes called impasto in which each brush stroke remained raised because of the thick application of paint. He created a signature style of art by using dots, dabs, and swirls to make the objects in the painting. Instead of smooth, blended applications of paint, Vincent used his brush to paint dots, dabs, and swirls creating a feeling of visual movement.
2. Still life is a picture of a collection of objects. Van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” is an example of a still life.
3. View picture of Van Gogh’s Sunflowers paintings
Delivery Day 2:
- Review 5 types of lines: horizontal, vertical, diagonal, zig-zag, & curved
- Review types of shapes: free-form & geometric
- Drawing observation skills:
a. Looking at objects purely as lines, shapes, and forms. Avoid naming parts of the object and instead think only as line and shape.
b. Looking at line curvature and angles of lines
Day 2 Activity: Draw Sunflower Still Life
Set up a small still life with a sunflowers in a vase (preferably at each table or group of students)
- On 12×18″ white paper, in pencil draw the still life of sunflowers in a vase. Include a table line so it doesn’t look like the vase is floating in the air!
- Use observational drawing skills to accurately draw the still life onto the paper. Look a line angles and curvature. Look a shapes. DRAW WHAT YOU SEE!
- Trace over all lines with thick permanent marker.
Day 3-5 Delivery & Activity: Marker Bleeding Technique
Marker Bleed is a simple and fun technique to use!
I have done the Van gogh Sunflowers lesson using many different mediums in the past and wanted to try something different. I used the marker bleeding technique on my Snowman Painting with Markers & Watercolor Resist
lesson and the kids LOVED creating with this method!Here is how we do this technique:
- Apply 1-2 lines of marker. I use REGULAR crayola markers ( NOT washable). We followed the outline of our design.
- While the marker is still very damp use a paint brush with a small amount of water and GENTLY rub over the the marker pulling into white areas of the paper. *Be careful not to over rub the surface because it will rip especially if you are not using watercolor paper!
- Add swirls to the background either by:
- Using the marker bleeding technique with different values of blue marker
- By drawing swirls with oil pastels in blue, white and aqua then painting over with watercolors.
Work in Progress by 4th graders:
This lesson was written by Michelle C. East 2017 © (All rights reserved). If you choose to use any of this lesson (written or photos), please link back to this blog Create Art with ME!
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